The holcas (the “Kyrenia” ship)

It was a cargo sailing ship used for the transport of merchandise. The particular model constitutes a copy of the famous shipwreck of Kyrenia (in Cyprus) 60% of which was salvaged. The “Kyrenia” measured 14 metres in length and 4.5 metres in width. The crew consisted of the shipmaster and three sailors. Her hull consisted of hewed planks fastened together with tendons and mortise and was reinforced internally with scattered unequal in length ribs. In her interior she had additional flooring. She did not have a main deck but two (one in the prow and one in the stern). She had a large sail for her propulsion with a number of pulley blocks for her unencumbered handling and four oars for her minor maneuverability when mooring. Navigation was achieved with the two big oars at the stern.



SOURCES: Harris Tzalas, Kyrenia II – An Effort of Experimental Archaeology – A Voyage into Time and Legend aboard the Kyrenia Ship, Richard Steffy, The Kyrenia Ship: An Interim Report on its Hull Construction.